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PageHelper 原理

发布于2021-06-12 16:05     阅读(154)     评论(0)     点赞(11)     收藏(5)


本文来探寻一下 PageHelper 分页和 count 的原理,数据库是 MySQL。

基本思路是:

  1. PageHelperMybatis 注册处理分页和 count 的拦截器 PageInterceptor
  2. 通过 PageHelper.startPage() 方法把分页相关的参数放到 ThreadLcoal
  3. Mybatis 执行 SQL 过程中会调用拦截器
    1. 根据查询 SQL 构建 count SQL
    2. 从 ThreadLcoal 拿出分页信息,在查询 SQL 后面拼接 limit ?, ?
    3. 清空 ThreadLcoal
  4. 使用 Page 创建 PageInfo 对象

环境准备

maven

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
    <artifactId>pagehelper-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
    <version>1.3.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.4</version>
</dependency>

User.java

@Data
public class User {
    private Integer id;

    private String name;
}

UserMapper.java

public interface UserMapper {
    @Select("select id, name from user")
    List<User> selectUsers();
}

UserController.java

@RestController
public class UserController {

    @Autowired
    private UserMapper userMapper;

    @GetMapping("/users")
    public Object listUser(@RequestParam("pageNum") Integer pageNum,
                           @RequestParam("pageSize") Integer pageSize) {

        PageHelper.startPage(pageNum, pageSize);
        List<User> users = userMapper.selectUsers();
        return PageInfo.of(users);
    }
}
127.0.0.1:8080/users?pageNum=2&pageSize=3
{
    "total": 26,
    "list": [
        {
            "id": 4,
            "name": "d"
        },
        {
            "id": 5,
            "name": "e"
        },
        {
            "id": 6,
            "name": "f"
        }
    ],
    "pageNum": 2,
    "pageSize": 3,
    "size": 3,
    "startRow": 4,
    "endRow": 6,
    "pages": 9,
    "prePage": 1,
    "nextPage": 3,
    "isFirstPage": false,
    "isLastPage": false,
    "hasPreviousPage": true,
    "hasNextPage": true,
    "navigatePages": 8,
    "navigatepageNums": [
        1,
        2,
        3,
        4,
        5,
        6,
        7,
        8
    ],
    "navigateFirstPage": 1,
    "navigateLastPage": 8
}

分析

将分页信息放入 LOCAL_PAGE

PageHelper 继承了 PageMethod,且实现了 Dialect, BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain

public class PageHelper extends PageMethod implements Dialect, BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain {
	...
}

我们使用分页时,大多都是使用 PageHelper.startPage(pageNum, pageSize)

public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize) {
	return startPage(pageNum, pageSize, DEFAULT_COUNT);
}

startPage() 方法最后都会调用以下重载方法。构建一个 Page 对象,存储分页相关的参数、设置,最后调用 setLocalPage(page); 将其放入 ThreadLocal

/**
 * 开始分页
 *
 * @param pageNum      页码
 * @param pageSize     每页显示数量
 * @param count        是否进行count查询
 * @param reasonable   分页合理化,null时用默认配置
 * @param pageSizeZero true且pageSize=0时返回全部结果,false时分页,null时用默认配置
 */
public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize, boolean count, Boolean reasonable, Boolean pageSizeZero) {
    Page<E> page = new Page<E>(pageNum, pageSize, count);
    page.setReasonable(reasonable);
    page.setPageSizeZero(pageSizeZero);
    //当已经执行过orderBy的时候
    Page<E> oldPage = getLocalPage();
    if (oldPage != null && oldPage.isOrderByOnly()) {
        page.setOrderBy(oldPage.getOrderBy());
    }
    
    // 放入 ThreadLocal
    setLocalPage(page);
    return page;
}

这里的 LOCAL_PAGE 就是前面说的存放 Page 信息的 ThreadLocal

public abstract class PageMethod {
    // 重要的 ThreadLocal
    protected static final ThreadLocal<Page> LOCAL_PAGE = new ThreadLocal<Page>();
    
    protected static boolean DEFAULT_COUNT = true;

    protected static void setLocalPage(Page page) {
        LOCAL_PAGE.set(page);
    }

    public static <T> Page<T> getLocalPage() {
        return LOCAL_PAGE.get();
    }

    public static void clearPage() {
        LOCAL_PAGE.remove();
    }
    ...
}    

如何使用分页信息:count、分页

mybatis 插件、拦截器

PageInterceptor 实现了 org.apache.ibatis.plugin.Interceptor 接口,mybatis 在执行查询方法的时候(method = “query”)会调用本拦截器。

/**
 * Mybatis - 通用分页拦截器
 */
@SuppressWarnings({"rawtypes", "unchecked"})
@Intercepts(
        {
                @Signature(type = Executor.class, method = "query", args = {MappedStatement.class, Object.class, RowBounds.class, ResultHandler.class}),
                @Signature(type = Executor.class, method = "query", args = {MappedStatement.class, Object.class, RowBounds.class, ResultHandler.class, CacheKey.class, BoundSql.class}),
        }
)
public class PageInterceptor implements Interceptor {
    // 默认为 Pagehelper
    private volatile Dialect dialect;
    // count 方法的后缀
    private String countSuffix = "_COUNT";
    //  count 查询的缓存,只用于
    // 本例中 key 为 com.example.pagehelper.dao.UserMapper.selectUsers_COUNT
    protected Cache<String, MappedStatement> msCountMap = null;
    // 
    private String default_dialect_class = "com.github.pagehelper.PageHelper";
    ...
}    

发出 Http 请求:127.0.0.1:8080/users?pageNum=2&pageSize=3

invocation.getArgs() 获取的参数就是 args = {MappedStatement.class, Object.class, RowBounds.class, ResultHandler.class}args = {MappedStatement.class, Object.class, RowBounds.class, ResultHandler.class, CacheKey.class, BoundSql.class},所有才有下面的 if (args.length == 4) 判断。

boundSql 中存储原始的查询 SQL:

image-20210426211006379

PageInterceptor.intercept()

@Override
public Object intercept(Invocation invocation) throws Throwable {
    try {
        // 获取方法参数
        Object[] args = invocation.getArgs();
        MappedStatement ms = (MappedStatement) args[0];
        Object parameter = args[1];
        RowBounds rowBounds = (RowBounds) args[2];
        ResultHandler resultHandler = (ResultHandler) args[3];
        Executor executor = (Executor) invocation.getTarget();
        CacheKey cacheKey;
        BoundSql boundSql;
        //由于逻辑关系,只会进入一次
        if (args.length == 4) {
            //4 个参数时
            
            // 拿到原始的查询 SQL
            boundSql = ms.getBoundSql(parameter);
            cacheKey = executor.createCacheKey(ms, parameter, rowBounds, boundSql);
        } else {
            //6 个参数时
            cacheKey = (CacheKey) args[4];
            boundSql = (BoundSql) args[5];
        }
        checkDialectExists();
        //对 boundSql 的拦截处理
        // 实际什么都没做,原样返回了
        if (dialect instanceof BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) {
            boundSql = ((BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) dialect).doBoundSql(BoundSqlInterceptor.Type.ORIGINAL, boundSql, cacheKey);
        }
        List resultList;
        //调用方法判断是否需要进行分页,如果不需要,直接返回结果
        if (!dialect.skip(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
            //判断是否需要进行 count 查询
            if (dialect.beforeCount(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
                // 查询总数
                // 见 PageInterceptor.count()
                Long count = count(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, null, boundSql);
                //处理查询总数,返回 true 时继续分页查询,false 时直接返回
                if (!dialect.afterCount(count, parameter, rowBounds)) {
                    //当查询总数为 0 时,直接返回空的结果
                    return dialect.afterPage(new ArrayList(), parameter, rowBounds);
                }
            }
            // 执行分页查询
            resultList = ExecutorUtil.pageQuery(dialect, executor,
                    ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql, cacheKey);
        } else {
            //rowBounds用参数值,不使用分页插件处理时,仍然支持默认的内存分页
            resultList = executor.query(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, cacheKey, boundSql);
        }
        // 将count、分页 信息放入 ThreadLocal
        return dialect.afterPage(resultList, parameter, rowBounds);
    } finally {
        if(dialect != null){
            dialect.afterAll();
        }
    }
}

count

PageInterceptor.count()

private Long count(Executor executor, MappedStatement ms, Object parameter,
                    RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler,
                    BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    // countMsId = "com.example.pagehelper.dao.UserMapper.selectUsers_COUNT"
    String countMsId = ms.getId() + countSuffix;
    Long count;
    //先判断是否存在手写的 count 查询
    MappedStatement countMs = ExecutorUtil.getExistedMappedStatement(ms.getConfiguration(), countMsId);
    if (countMs != null) {
        // 直接执行手写的 count 查询
        count = ExecutorUtil.executeManualCount(executor, countMs, parameter, boundSql, resultHandler);
    } else {
        // 先从缓存中查
        if (msCountMap != null) {
            countMs = msCountMap.get(countMsId);
        }
        // 缓存中没有,然后自动创建,并放入缓存
        if (countMs == null) {
            //根据当前的 ms 创建一个返回值为 Long 类型的 ms
            countMs = MSUtils.newCountMappedStatement(ms, countMsId);
            if (msCountMap != null) {
                // 放入缓存
                msCountMap.put(countMsId, countMs);
            }
        }
        // 执行 count 查询
        // 见 ExecutorUtil.executeAutoCount()
        count = ExecutorUtil.executeAutoCount(this.dialect, executor, countMs, parameter, 
                                              boundSql, rowBounds, resultHandler);
    }
    return count;
}

ExecutorUtil.executeAutoCount()

public static Long executeAutoCount(Dialect dialect, Executor executor, MappedStatement countMs,
                                    Object parameter, BoundSql boundSql,
                                    RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    Map<String, Object> additionalParameters = getAdditionalParameter(boundSql);
    //创建 count 查询的缓存 key
    CacheKey countKey = executor.createCacheKey(countMs, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, boundSql);
    //调用方言获取 count sql:SELECT count(0) FROM user
    // 见 PageHelper.getCountSql()
    String countSql = dialect.getCountSql(countMs, boundSql, parameter, rowBounds, countKey);
    //countKey.update(countSql);
    BoundSql countBoundSql = new BoundSql(countMs.getConfiguration(), countSql, boundSql.getParameterMappings(), parameter);
    //当使用动态 SQL 时,可能会产生临时的参数,这些参数需要手动设置到新的 BoundSql 中
    for (String key : additionalParameters.keySet()) {
        countBoundSql.setAdditionalParameter(key, additionalParameters.get(key));
    }
    //对 boundSql 的拦截处理
    if (dialect instanceof BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) {
        countBoundSql = ((BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) dialect).doBoundSql(BoundSqlInterceptor.Type.COUNT_SQL, countBoundSql, countKey);
    }
    //执行 count 查询
    Object countResultList = executor.query(countMs, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, resultHandler, countKey, countBoundSql);
    Long count = (Long) ((List) countResultList).get(0);
    return count;
}

PageHelper.getCountSql()

@Override
public String getCountSql(MappedStatement ms, BoundSql boundSql, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, CacheKey countKey) {
    // AbstractHelperDialect.getCountSql()
    return autoDialect.getDelegate().getCountSql(ms, boundSql, parameterObject, rowBounds, countKey);
}

AbstractHelperDialect.getCountSql()

@Override
public String getCountSql(MappedStatement ms, BoundSql boundSql, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, CacheKey countKey) {
    Page<Object> page = getLocalPage();
    String countColumn = page.getCountColumn();
    if (StringUtil.isNotEmpty(countColumn)) {
        return countSqlParser.getSmartCountSql(boundSql.getSql(), countColumn);
    }
    return countSqlParser.getSmartCountSql(boundSql.getSql());
}

CountSqlParser.getSmartCountSql()

// sql = "select id, name from user";
// name = "0";
public String getSmartCountSql(String sql, String name) {   
    //解析SQL
    Statement stmt = null;
    //特殊sql不需要去掉order by时,使用注释前缀
    if(sql.indexOf(KEEP_ORDERBY) >= 0){
        return getSimpleCountSql(sql, name);
    }
    try {
        stmt = CCJSqlParserUtil.parse(sql);
    } catch (Throwable e) {
        //无法解析的用一般方法返回count语句
        return getSimpleCountSql(sql, name);
    }
    Select select = (Select) stmt;
    SelectBody selectBody = select.getSelectBody();
    try {
        //处理body-去order by
        processSelectBody(selectBody);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        //当 sql 包含 group by 时,不去除 order by
        return getSimpleCountSql(sql, name);
    }
    //处理with-去order by
    processWithItemsList(select.getWithItemsList());
    //处理为count查询
    sqlToCount(select, name);
    // SELECT count(0) FROM user
    String result = select.toString();
    return result;
}

CountSqlParser.sqlToCount()

public void sqlToCount(Select select, String name) {
    SelectBody selectBody = select.getSelectBody();
    // 是否能简化count查询
    List<SelectItem> COUNT_ITEM = new ArrayList<SelectItem>();
    // count(0)
    COUNT_ITEM.add(new SelectExpressionItem(new Column("count(" + name +")")));
    // 是否可以用简单的count查询方式
    if (selectBody instanceof PlainSelect && isSimpleCount((PlainSelect) selectBody)) {
        // 将 id, name 换成 count(0),最终SQL为 SELECT count(0) FROM user
        ((PlainSelect) selectBody).setSelectItems(COUNT_ITEM);
    } else {
        PlainSelect plainSelect = new PlainSelect();
        SubSelect subSelect = new SubSelect();
        subSelect.setSelectBody(selectBody);
        subSelect.setAlias(TABLE_ALIAS);
        plainSelect.setFromItem(subSelect);
        plainSelect.setSelectItems(COUNT_ITEM);
        select.setSelectBody(plainSelect);
    }
}

分页

ExecutorUtil.pageQuery

public static <E> List<E> pageQuery(Dialect dialect, Executor executor, MappedStatement ms, Object parameter,
                                    RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler,
                                    BoundSql boundSql, CacheKey cacheKey) throws SQLException {
    //判断是否需要进行分页查询
    if (dialect.beforePage(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
        //生成分页的缓存 key
        CacheKey pageKey = cacheKey;
        //处理参数对象
        parameter = dialect.processParameterObject(ms, parameter, boundSql, pageKey);
        //调用方言获取分页 sql,这里是重点,是添加 limit 的地方
        // pageSql = select id, name from user LIMIT ?, ? 
        String pageSql = dialect.getPageSql(ms, boundSql, parameter, rowBounds, pageKey);
        BoundSql pageBoundSql = new BoundSql(ms.getConfiguration(), pageSql, boundSql.getParameterMappings(), parameter);

        Map<String, Object> additionalParameters = getAdditionalParameter(boundSql);
        //设置动态参数
        for (String key : additionalParameters.keySet()) {
            pageBoundSql.setAdditionalParameter(key, additionalParameters.get(key));
        }
        //对 boundSql 的拦截处理
        if (dialect instanceof BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) {
            pageBoundSql = ((BoundSqlInterceptor.Chain) dialect).doBoundSql(BoundSqlInterceptor.Type.PAGE_SQL, pageBoundSql, pageKey);
        }
        //执行分页查询
        return executor.query(ms, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, resultHandler, pageKey, pageBoundSql);
    } else {
        //不执行分页的情况下,也不执行内存分页
        return executor.query(ms, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, resultHandler, cacheKey, boundSql);
    }
}

AbstractHelperDialect.beforePage

public boolean beforePage(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds) {
    Page page = getLocalPage();
    if (page.isOrderByOnly() || page.getPageSize() > 0) {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

AbstractHelperDialect.beforePage

public String getPageSql(MappedStatement ms, BoundSql boundSql, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, CacheKey pageKey) {
    // sql = select id, name from user
    String sql = boundSql.getSql();
    Page page = getLocalPage();
    //支持 order by
    String orderBy = page.getOrderBy();
    if (StringUtil.isNotEmpty(orderBy)) {
        pageKey.update(orderBy);
        sql = OrderByParser.converToOrderBySql(sql, orderBy);
    }
    if (page.isOrderByOnly()) {
        return sql;
    }
    return getPageSql(sql, page, pageKey);
}

AbstractHelperDialect.getPageSql

// sql = select id, name from user
public String getPageSql(String sql, Page page, CacheKey pageKey) {
    StringBuilder sqlBuilder = new StringBuilder(sql.length() + 14);
    sqlBuilder.append(sql);
    // 拼接 LIMIT
    if (page.getStartRow() == 0) {
        sqlBuilder.append("\n LIMIT ? ");
    } else {
        sqlBuilder.append("\n LIMIT ?, ? ");
    }
    // sql = select id, name from user LIMIT ?, ? 
    return sqlBuilder.toString();
}

AbstractHelperDialect.afterPage

public Object afterPage(List pageList, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds) {
    Page page = getLocalPage();
    // 不是 PageHelper 的分页,直接返回结果
    if (page == null) {
        return pageList;
    }
    // 将分页结果放入 ThreadLocal 中
    page.addAll(pageList);
    if (!page.isCount()) {
        page.setTotal(-1);
    } else if ((page.getPageSizeZero() != null && page.getPageSizeZero()) && page.getPageSize() == 0) {
        page.setTotal(pageList.size());
    } else if (page.isOrderByOnly()) {
        page.setTotal(pageList.size());
    }
    return page;
}

PageHelper.afterAll

public void afterAll() {
    //这个方法即使不分页也会被执行,所以要判断 null
    AbstractHelperDialect delegate = autoDialect.getDelegate();
    if (delegate != null) {
        delegate.afterAll();
        autoDialect.clearDelegate();
    }
    // 清楚 ThreadLocal 中的分页信息
    clearPage();
}

使用 Page 创建 PageInfo 对象

image-20210607210927489

如上图,users 的实际类型不是 List ,而是 Page ,就是 ThreadLocal 中的那个对象,PageHelper 扩展了 ArrayList,添加了一系列分页相关的字段、方法:

public class Page<E> extends ArrayList<E> implements Closeable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    /**
     * 页码,从1开始
     */
    private int pageNum;
    /**
     * 页面大小
     */
    private int pageSize;
    /**
     * 起始行
     */
    private long startRow;
    /**
     * 末行
     */
    private long endRow;
    /**
     * 总数
     */
    private long total;
    /**
     * 总页数
     */
    private int pages;
    /**
     * 包含count查询
     */
    private boolean count = true;
    /**
     * 分页合理化
     */
    private Boolean reasonable;
    /**
     * 当设置为true的时候,如果pagesize设置为0(或RowBounds的limit=0),就不执行分页,返回全部结果
     */
    private Boolean pageSizeZero;
    /**
     * 进行count查询的列名
     */
    private String countColumn;
    /**
     * 排序
     */
    private String orderBy;
    /**
     * 只增加排序
     */
    private boolean orderByOnly;
    ...
}

new PageInfo()

PageSerializable

public PageSerializable(List<T> list) {
    // 分页结果
    this.list = list;
    // 总条数
    if(list instanceof Page){
        this.total = ((Page)list).getTotal();
    } else {
        this.total = list.size();
    }
}

PageInfo

public PageInfo(List<T> list, int navigatePages) {
    // 上面 PageSerializable(list);
    super(list);
    if (list instanceof Page) {
        Page page = (Page) list;
        // 当前页
        this.pageNum = page.getPageNum();
        // 每页的数量
        this.pageSize = page.getPageSize();
		// 总页数
        this.pages = page.getPages();
        // 当前页的数量
        this.size = page.size();
        // 起始行号、结束行号
        //由于结果是>startRow的,所以实际的需要+1
        if (this.size == 0) {
            this.startRow = 0;
            this.endRow = 0;
        } else {
            this.startRow = page.getStartRow() + 1;
            //计算实际的endRow(最后一页的时候特殊)
            this.endRow = this.startRow - 1 + this.size;
        }
    } else if (list instanceof Collection) {
        this.pageNum = 1;
        this.pageSize = list.size();

        this.pages = this.pageSize > 0 ? 1 : 0;
        this.size = list.size();
        this.startRow = 0;
        this.endRow = list.size() > 0 ? list.size() - 1 : 0;
    }
    if (list instanceof Collection) {
        calcByNavigatePages(navigatePages);
    }
}


所属网站分类: 技术文章 > 博客

作者:java战神

链接:http://www.javaheidong.com/blog/article/222593/970a71366fa32838735e/

来源:java黑洞网

任何形式的转载都请注明出处,如有侵权 一经发现 必将追究其法律责任

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