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SSM整合

发布于2020-11-19 20:17     阅读(860)     评论(0)     点赞(5)     收藏(0)


SSM框架整合

一.搭建整合环境

1.搭建数据库

2.创建项目,导入坐标

<properties>
  <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
  <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
  <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
  <spring.version>5.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version>
  <slf4j.version>1.6.6</slf4j.version>
  <log4j.version>1.2.12</log4j.version>
  <mysql.version>5.1.6</mysql.version>
  <mybatis.version>3.4.5</mybatis.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
  <!-- spring -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
    <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
    <version>1.6.8</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>junit</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    <version>4.12</version>
    <scope>compile</scope>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>${mysql.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
    <version>2.5</version>
    <scope>provided</scope>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
    <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
    <version>2.0</version>
    <scope>provided</scope>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>jstl</groupId>
    <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    <version>1.2</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- log start -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
    <version>${log4j.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
    <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
    <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- log end -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
    <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
    <version>1.3.0</version>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
    <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
    <version>0.9.1.2</version>
    <type>jar</type>
    <scope>compile</scope>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

3.建立我们的包路径等等

4.搭建Spring环境

创建我们的Spring配置文件
application.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">
<!--    开启注解扫描,希望处理service和dao,controller不需要spring框架去管理-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.hkd">
<!--        配置那些注解不扫描-->
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>

</beans>

5.SpringMVC环境搭建

1.配置前端控制器
<servlet>
    <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
<!--    加载springmvc.xml配置文件-->
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
<!--    启动服务器,创建该servlet-->
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
<!--  解决中文乱码-->
  <filter>
    <filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
<!--    初始化编码属性-->
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
2.配置springmvc.xml配置文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
<!--    开启注解扫描,只扫描controller注解-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.hkd">
<!--        只扫描的注解-->
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>
<!--    配置视图解析器对象-->
    <!--配置的视图解析器对象-->
    <bean id="internalResourceViewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>
<!--    过滤静态资源-->
    <mvc:resources mapping="/images/" location="/images/"/>
    <mvc:resources mapping="/css/" location="/css/" />
    <mvc:resources mapping="/js/**" location="/js/"/>
<!--    配置开启springmvc注解支持-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>
</beans>
3.测试springmvc的环境

6.整合Spring与SpringMVC

也就是我们的controller中的方法调用我们的业务层service的方法就可以了

但是我们怎么调用呢,我们的service在IOC容器中,那我要有service对象,我们就需要依赖注入,把controller,和service都放到容器中,使用依赖注入

问题:

web.xml会帮我们加载springmvc.xml配置文件,但是springmvc.xml只扫描了controller的注解,没人帮我们加载application.xml的配置文件

解决办法

启动服务器的时候,也帮我们加载我们的Spring的配置文件application.xml

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
  <version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>

他就提供了一个监听器类,我们直接用它来配置就行了

配置监听类
<!--  配置Spring的监听器-->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>

默认只加载WEB-INF目录下的application.xml配置文件,其他的加载不到

那怎么办呢

传参数

设置文件路径
<!--  配置Spring的监听器-->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:application.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>

classpath:application.xml加载类路径下的application.xml

测试环境
/**
 * @author 王庆华
 * @version 1.0
 * @date 2020/10/30 22:17
 * @Description 账户的控制器
 * @pojectname springMVC_02_01response
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping("account")
public class AccountController {
    @Autowired
    AccountService accountService;
    @RequestMapping("/findAll")
    public String findAll(){
        System.out.println("表现层:查询所有账户...");
        //调用service的方法
        accountService.findAll();
        return "success";
    }
}

7.Spring整合Mybatis框架

1.搭建Mybatis环境
编写我们的dao
/**
 * @author 王庆华
 * @version 1.0
 * @date 2020/10/30 22:13
 * @Description AccountDao
 * @pojectname springMVC_02_01response
 */

public interface AccountDao {

    //查询所有账户
    @Select("select * from account")
    public List<Account> findAll();

    /**
     * 保存账户信息
     * @param account
     */
    @Insert("insert into account(name,money) values(#{name},#{money})")
    public void saveAccount(Account account);
}
编写配置文件mapper映射或注解

这里我们用了注解,并没有在resource文件夹下建立相同的文件夹路径,写不同的mapper映射文件

编写配置文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
<!--    配置环境-->
    <environments default="mysql">
        <environment id="mysql">
<!--            事务类型-->
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"></transactionManager>
<!--            连接池类型-->
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
<!--                <property name="driver" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>-->
<!--                <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>-->
<!--                <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"/>-->
<!--                <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>-->
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"/>
                <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssm?serverTimezone=CST"/>
                <property name="username" value="root"/>
                <property name="password" value="wang1027"/>
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>
<!--    引入映射文件-->
    <mappers>
<!--        <mapper class="com.hkd.dao.AccountDao"></mapper>-->
<!--        引入包-->
        <package name="com.hkd.dao"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>
测试Mybatis环境
    //加载mybatis的配置文件
    InputStream resourceAsStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream("SqlMapConfig.xml");
    //创建SqlSessionFactory对象
    SqlSessionFactory build = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(resourceAsStream);
    //创建SqlSession对象
    SqlSession session = build.openSession();
    //获取到代理对象
    AccountDao dao = session.getMapper(AccountDao.class);
    //查询所有信息
    List<Account> accounts = dao.findAll();
    for (Account account:accounts)
    {
        System.out.println(account);
    }
    //关闭资源
    session.close();
    resourceAsStream.close();
}
2.Spring整合Mybatis

我们从测试类可以看出,我们是通过代理对象来执行方法的,我们能不能把这个代理对象注入到IoC容器中,然后在通过依赖注入的方法,在service中注入dao对象就行了

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">
<!--    开启注解扫描,希望处理service和dao,controller不需要spring框架去管理-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.hkd">
<!--        配置那些注解不扫描-->
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>
<!--Spring整合Mybatis框架-->
<!--    配置连接池-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver"></property>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssm?serverTimezone=CST"/>
        <property name="user" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="wang1027"></property>
    </bean>
<!--    配置工厂对象:SqlSessionFactory工厂-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>
<!--    配置AccountDao接口所在的包:-->
    <bean id="mapperScannerConfigurer" class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.hkd.dao"></property>
    </bean>
</beans>

这样我们以前的SqlMapConfig.xml就可以拿掉了

@Repository
public interface AccountDao {

    //查询所有账户
    @Select("select * from account")
    public List<Account> findAll();

    /**
     * 保存账户信息
     * @param account
     */
    @Insert("insert into account(name,money) values(#{name},#{money})")
    public void saveAccount(Account account);
}
@Service("accountService")
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {
    @Autowired
    private AccountDao accountDao;
    @Override
    public List<Account> findAll() {
        System.out.println("业务层查询所有账户信息");
        List<Account> accounts = accountDao.findAll();
        for (Account account:accounts)
        {
            System.out.println(account);
        }
        return accountDao.findAll();
    }

    @Override
    public void saveAccount(Account account)
    {
        System.out.println("业务层保存账户");
        accountDao.saveAccount(account);
    }
}
3.注解加配置文件的方式

注意我们的配置文件都应该放到resource文件夹目录下,不然可能不会生效

spring-mybais.xml

里面我们采用了properties文件的方式写入我们的数据库配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">
    <!-- 自动扫描 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="xyz.yq56.service.*"/>
    <context:component-scan base-package="xyz.yq56.dao"/>
    <!-- 引入配置文件 -->
    <bean id="propertyConfigurer"
          class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
        <property name="location" value="classpath:jdbc.properties" />
    </bean>

    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource"
          destroy-method="close">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${driver}" />
        <property name="url" value="${url}" />
        <property name="username" value="${username}" />
        <property name="password" value="${password}" />
        <!-- 初始化连接大小 -->
        <property name="initialSize" value="${initialSize}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最大数量 -->
        <property name="maxActive" value="${maxActive}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最大空闲 -->
        <property name="maxIdle" value="${maxIdle}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最小空闲 -->
        <property name="minIdle" value="${minIdle}"></property>
        <!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="${maxWait}"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- spring和MyBatis完美整合,不需要mybatis的配置映射文件 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:/mapper/*.xml"></property>
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="xyz.yq56.dao" />
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <bean id="transactionManager"
          class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

</beans>


mybatis-config.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
        <!DOCTYPE configuration
                PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
                "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
<!-- 配置全局属性 -->
<settings>
    <!-- 使用jdbc的getGeneratedKeys获取数据库自增主键值 -->
    <setting name="useGeneratedKeys" value="true" />

    <!-- 使用列标签替换列别名 默认:true -->
    <setting name="useColumnLabel" value="true" />

    <!-- 开启驼峰命名转换:Table{create_time} -> Entity{createTime} -->
    <setting name="mapUnderscoreToCamelCase" value="true" />
</settings>
</configuration>

4.Spring框架声明式事务管理

springmvc.xml配置文件

<!--    配置Spring框架的声明式事务管理-->
<!--    配置事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>
<!--    配置事务通知-->
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="find*" read-only="true"/>
            <tx:method name="*" isolation="DEFAULT"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>
<!--    配置AOP增强-->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut="execution(* com.hkd.service.impl.*ServiceImpl.*(..))"></aop:advisor>
    </aop:config>

=“transactionManager” class=“org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager”>

<tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
    <tx:attributes>
        <tx:method name="find*" read-only="true"/>
        <tx:method name="*" isolation="DEFAULT"/>
    </tx:attributes>
</tx:advice>
<aop:config>
    <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut="execution(* com.hkd.service.impl.*ServiceImpl.*(..))"></aop:advisor>
</aop:config>



所属网站分类: 技术文章 > 博客

作者:java王侯

链接:http://www.javaheidong.com/blog/article/791/5a1c4410989a5e2b90e0/

来源:java黑洞网

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